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What are geostationary satellites and what are they for?

Satélites Geoestacionarios

Satélites Geoestacionarios

The satellites that are 30 thousand kilometers away are geostationary, but what are they and what are they for? Geostationary satellites are those that make orbits on the Earth’s Ecuadorian line at the speed that the Earth does.

These satellites meet different basic standards for example: being at a height of 36 thousand kilometers, since there is a balance of the earth’s attraction force such as the centrifuge. Additionally, they must rotate synchronized with the same movement that the Earth makes, for this reason it is that the distance at which it is located is very important, but it could be advanced or delayed.

The solutions they offer us are seen in everyday life, but they are also indispensable for the vast majority of companies around the world. Thanks to satellite antennas we can communicate from different places on earth.

The first geostationary satellite was the Syncom 3, which was launched from Kennedy Field in 1964. The launch of this experimental satellite allowed communications to be tested and covered the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo for live television. Originally, during 1961, it was an exclusive program of NASA and became the world’s first geosynchronous and geostationary communications satellite.

If a satellite travels at high speeds, its centrifugal force can overcome the Earth’s gravity and can leave orbit and get lost in space.

However, over the years, many companies decided to jump further in this area and to date there are more than 50 in orbit. Axesat, a company in charge of designing and providing satellite solutions to the oil and gas, energy, mining, infrastructure, banking, agribusiness, government and retail sectors, made agreements with different satellite technology companies to provide telecommunications solutions to companies in different industries in Latin America

The EUTELSAT 113 WEST A, was launched in May 2006 with a projected life of 15 years. The frequencies it provides are the C and Ku bands and it is located at 113° West; This satellite provides coverage in the Americas through its hemispheric and regional beams. To date, it distributes more than 90 channels received by 300 thousand antennas in the region and is capable of receiving Ku-band channels.

Another important geostationary satellite in Latin America is the EUTELSAT 115 WEST B, located at 114.9 ° West and collaborates with the attention of markets with services such as video, data, mobility, as well as for governments. It has 24 C-band transponders and 41.5 Ku-band transponders. These connect to certain specific service areas ranging from Alaska to South America including Easter Island and the Galapagos. Mexsat has two of the most important satellites, the Bicentennial and the Morelos 3 and two control centers, which have a technological capacity multiplied up to five times, making it one of the most important systems in the world. Thanks to this satellite system, telecommunication services are provided which support compliance with public safety, government, education, health and economic policies. (See satellite phone)